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Web系统代写 | CS6083, Spring 2020 Project #1

这个作业是建立一个类似于Jira的基于Web的问题跟踪系统
CS6083, Spring 2020
Project #1 (due 4/26)
The goal of our course project is to build a web-based issue tracking system similar to Jira — but kind
of different and much simpler, of course. Issue tracking systems are tools that are commonly used for
collaborative software and other product development. It allows members to create projects, report
issues/bugs for projects, assign the issue to certain people for fixing, and change the status of issues in
the workflow. If you are not familiar with issue trackers or bug trackers, you may visit Minecraft
Jira, Google Issue Tracker, Python Bug Tracker, and Github Issues, for a quick look.
Problem Outline: We first give a few more details about the envisioned system. Users can sign up
for the system by providing an email address, and can choose their username, display name, and
password. Users can create projects. When creating a project, the user should provide a suitable name,
maybe with a short description. Each project should have one or a few project leads, who will be
responsible for the project. The user who has created the project will then automatically become the
first lead of the created project, and existing leads can add other users as leads of the project.
An issue is a kind of “task” – once someone has found a bug, he/she can report it as an issue, which
can be assigned to suitable members of the team for processing/fixing. Each issue should belong to a
certain project, and each issue should have a title and description. The creator of the issue is called the
“reporter”. To simplify this project, the issue creator will automatically become the only reporter of
this issue; we assume that any user can report issues to any project (somewhat similar to Github
Issues).
Project leads can then assign an issue in his/her project to a couple of users, who will become the
“assignees” of this issue, and who are in charge of addressing and if necessary fixing the issue. Once
an issue is created, it should be set to a default status (usually “OPEN”). Assignees and project leads
can change the current status of an issue, based on the project issue workflow (as introduced in the
following paragraphs). The system should keep track of the issue’s creation and update times, and in
general the history of status changes.
Once an issue has been reported, it usually goes through several steps to be processed. It is possible
that it enters a “step loop” until finally finished. The life cycle of an issue is called “workflow”, which
is basically a finite-state machine. A current step (or state) in the workflow is called “status”, and if
we can move from one status to another status, we say that there exists a “transition” between them.
In general, a workflow contains several statuses, usually starting in one special status (sometimes
called “OPEN”) and ending in another special status (often called “CLOSED”). Each status may have
one or more possible successor statuses, as described by a directed graph. When the project lead or
assignee changes the status, he/she can only change it to one of the successors statuses of the current
status.
Different projects can have different workflows, but all issues in the same project follow the same
workflow. Project leads can customize the workflow schema for their project, including what statuses
exist and what the possible transitions are. This workflow graph needs to be stored in your database.
The following two graphs are examples of workflow graphs:
Project Guidelines: In this first part of the course project, you should focus on designing a suitable
relational schema that can be used to store data and perform queries for this system – including
information such as users, projects, project administrators, issues, issue reporters and assignees, the
history of status changes for an issue, and allowable workflow status transitions for a project. In the
second part of the project, you will need to build a web-accessible front-end interface, with a backend server interacting with your database, which should implement the functions mentioned and allow
users to access the service through a web browser.
You should use your own database system on your laptop or an internet-accessible server. Use a
system that supports full text search operators similar to “contains”. Most of you will probably use
mySQL, SQL Server, Postgres, or Oracle – if you want to use another system, please ask the instructor
for permission.
Please note that you need to implement user system and content access control inside your web
application logic, which means that there should not be a separate DBMS account for each user!
Instead, the web application itself will log into the database using an account created for it. Thus, the
system you implement can see all the content, but has to make sure at the application level that each
logged-in user is identified through the use of cookies in the second part of the project, and then
restrict accesses appropriately. Make sure to always store timestamps for any user actions, such as
creating a project, reporting an issue, assigning an issue to other members, or changes in the status of
a project.
Both parts of the project may be done individually or in teams of two students. You will receive an
announcement from the TAs asking you to sign up as a group or an individual. The second part of the
project will be due around or after May 10. The second project builds on top of this one, so you
cannot skip this project.
Project Steps: Following is a list of steps for this part of the project. Note that in this first part, you
will only deal with the database side of this project, and a suitable web interface will be designed and
implemented in the second part. However, you should already envision and plan the interface that you
intend to implement.
(a) Design, justify, and create an appropriate relational schema for the above scenario. Make sure your
schema avoids redundancies. Show an E-R diagram of your design, and a translation into relational
format. Identify keys and foreign key constraints. Note that you may have to revisit your design if it
turns out later that the design is not suitable.
(b) Use a database system to create the database schema, together with key, foreign key, and other
constraints.
(c) Write SQL queries (or sequences of SQL queries or scripting language statements) for the
following tasks. You may use suitable placeholder values in the statements.
(1) Create a new user account, together with email, password, username, and display name.
(2) Create an issue for a project with title and description, and initialize the status of this issue.
(3) For a current user and a certain issue, first check if this user is authorized to assign it to other
users (i.e., is a lead); then write a query to add an assignee.
(4) List all possible next statuses of a certain issue, based on its current status
(5) Show the status change history of a certain issue, sorted by change timestamps in descending
order.
(6) List any issues for the project with name “Amazon Kindle” where the issue title contains the
term “screen”, user “Jeff Bezos” is one of the assignees, and the status of the issue is
“OPEN”.
(d) Populate your database with some sample data, and test the queries you have written in part (c).
Make sure to input interesting and meaningful data and to test a number of cases. Limit yourself to a
few users and a few messages and threads each, but make sure there is enough data to generate
interesting test cases. It is suggested that you design your test data very carefully. Draw and submit a
little picture of your tables that fits on one or two pages and that illustrates your test data! (Do not
submit a long list of insert statements, but show the resulting tables.) Print out and submit your
testing.
(e) Document and log your design and testing appropriately. Submit a properly documented
description and justification of your entire design, including E-R diagrams, tables, constraints,
queries, procedures, and tests on sample data, and a few pages of description. This should be a paper
of say 10-12 pages with introduction, explanations, E-R and other diagrams, etc., which you will then
revise and expand in the second part.


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