# 这是一个加拿大的Python数值方法作业代写

## 1 Polynomial regression with MLE and MAP [40%]

We begin by exploring a maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator on the
familiar polynomial regression problem. ### 1.1 Polynomial regression

The overdetermined degree-𝑚 polynomial regression problem — with an explicit corruption/noise model on the
data — seeks an interpolant across 𝑛 data samples (𝑥𝑖, 𝑦𝑖) that satisfies: where:

𝑥𝑖 is the independent coordinate of sample 𝑖 , with 𝐱 = {𝑥0 … 𝑥𝑛−1}

𝑦𝑖 is the dependent coordinate of sample 𝑖, with 𝐲 = {𝑦0 … 𝑦𝑛−1}

𝜖𝑖 ∼ (𝜇, 𝜎2) is standard Gaussian noise corrupting the outputs 𝑦𝑖, and

𝜽 = {𝜃0, 𝜃1, … , 𝜃𝑚} are the 𝑝 = 𝑚 + 1 polynomial coefficients we are solving for.

Note that one common way to rewrite this model is by “folding in” the deterministic component into the mean of
the Gaussian, as:

### 1.2 Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) [20%]

You will implement a MLE for the polynomial parameters 𝜽 that maximize the data’s likelihood function: where — assuming the samples (𝑥𝑖, 𝑦𝑖) are drawn i.i.d. — the likelihood function can be expressed using the
normal distribution’s density, as Taking the log of the likelihood before taking the argmax — which is a valid transformation under argmax, given
log’s monotonicity — yields:  E-mail: vipdue@outlook.com  微信号:vipnxx 